Frequency of Orthopedic Trauma in Patients Attending Khalifa Gul Nawaz Teaching Hospital: A Retrospective Analysis
Objective: The present study aimed to assess the frequency of orthopedic trauma injuries in patients admitted to the Orthopedic Department at Khalifa Gul Nawaz Teaching Hospital in Bannu.
Methodology: This retrospective snapshot study was conducted at the Orthopaedic & Traumatology Department of K.G.N. Hospital in Bannu, KPK. Data were extracted from hospital records of 380 patients admitted for emergency orthopedic surgery due to fractures, lacerations, and/or fractures with lacerations. The frequency and etiologies of orthopedic diagnoses were recorded.
Results: Out of the 380 cases admitted during the study, the majority were males (76.05%). Furthermore, these orthopedic trauma injuries were more common in individuals aged 21 to 50 years (66.83%) than the other age groups. Road Traffic Accidents (RTA) were the major etiological factor (49.21%), followed by falls from height (31.84%). Upper limb fractures were diagnosed in 46.27% of patients, and 53.63% had lower limb fractures. Isolated radius (14.47%) and femoral fractures (23.94%) were the most frequent diagnosis.
Conclusion: The present study provides a brief overview of the major etiologies and diagnoses for orthopedic emergencies. It is essential to identify the risk factors and strategize a prevention plan that should be the priority of the healthcare system to avoid morbidities and mortalities associated with orthopedic traumas.